Freshly picked strawberries are juicy and sweet. These delicious red berries are a favorite in smoothies, fruit salads and as an accompaniment to desserts. Take a piece of strawberry cake with fresh strawberries and your taste buds dance with joy.
If you plant your strawberries in the right place, take care of them throughout the growing season and harvest at the right time, you will get a lot out of the harvest. The local strawberries are much sweeter than those in the supermarket. The sugar dissolves slowly after the harvest and it is best to eat it immediately after the harvest.
If you are thinking of growing strawberries in your garden this season, this growth guide has everything you need to know. We take care of planting, care and harvesting of your strawberries.
Types of strawberries
Strawberry plants come in different varieties. Each has its own characteristics that affect the size, color and taste of strawberries.
June bears varieties
These strawberry plants bear fruit once during the growing season and should be produced for about 3 weeks. These plants are sensitive to light and produce buds in autumn and flowers and berries in June.
Long summer days make it possible for the plants to produce fast-growing runners. For those living in the south, the plants could bloom in early to mid-May.
These strawberry plants produce a lot in the spring and easily in the summer. The final harvest of the plant takes place in early autumn, which is also slightly easier than the original yield for the first summer.
This strain produces buds on long summer days as well as shorter days in the fall.
Daily neutral variations
This variety of strawberries produces buds and bears from early spring to late autumn, when the first frosts land in the ground.
These plants are not sensitive to daylight and will produce runners, buds and berries as long as the air temperature remains between 35 ° and 85 ° F. Although these plants will bear fruit throughout the season, they will not give the same yield and varieties that bear June.
Strawberry seeds are cheaply available from Amazon
Tips for planting strawberries
You should plant your strawberries as soon as the last frost falls and the soil begins to thaw. It is best to bring the plants into the ground as soon as possible to order and work with the soil. Contact your local frost dates for advice on your area.
The best strategy for growing strawberries is to start new plants at the beginning of each season. Adding new plants to your garden helps maintain the quality of the berries and get the most out of your plants.
We recommend that you buy young plants in a nursery or online instead of starting the plants with seeds, especially if you are an inexperienced gardener. Most kindergartens offer disease-resistant plants that suit your climatic conditions.
You can also buy the plants from Amazon
Tips for preparing planting
When preparing to plant your strawberries, it is important that you choose the right place in the garden if you want to get the best results. Strawberry plants need at least 6 to 10 hours of sunlight during the midsummer season. Strawberry plants prefer the morning sun with shade in the afternoon.
- If you have a greenhouse, you can expect more yields and more berries. Strawberry plants prefer clay soil but they will grow and bear fruit in most soil types. A few months before planting the berries, prepare the soil with manure and manure so that the nutrients are sufficiently distributed in the soil.
- If your soil is a clay structure, work with vermiculite, perlite and 4 inches of compost to improve drainage. If you have sand form in your garden, shred them into compost and then you are good to go. We recommend that you let the garden rest over the winter.
- If you live in a colder area in the United States, such as the Nordic countries, be sure to prepare the soil before the winter frost. You can plant your garden as soon as the soil thaws in early spring.
- Use a pH monitor to examine your soil or take it to your nursery for analysis. Strawberries prefer to grow in soil between 5.5 and 7. It is important that you change the soil to adjust the acidity level before you start planting.
- If your soil is naturally alkaline, you can get better results by growing your strawberries in barrels or plants that allow you to control the acidity of the soil throughout the growing season.
Barrel system and cultivation of half barrels is a perfect choice for greenhouse guards who want to maximize their yield and at the same time minimize the greenhouse area used by the crop.
In such a plant you can grow strawberries
The most important part of the preparation for the nursery is to make sure that there is enough drainage in the soil. Your strawberry plant does not like that your feet get wet and moist roots can lead to the development of the root system.
For best results, practice seasonal crops when planting in the ground. Do not plant your strawberries in places where peppers, tomatoes or eggplants have been grown before.
Plant your strawberries
For best results with your strawberries, make sure you plant them at least 20 inches apart. Leave the gauges between the lines to give runners enough space. Strawberries growing tend to spread during the growing season and the plants send runners that also produce more runners.
Be sure to cut the roots back to 8 inches before planting your strawberry. When digging in the hole, make sure it is deep and wide enough to cover the entire root system without bending the roots. However, it is important not to plant too deep to cover the crown.
Let the crown be exposed on the ground. If you plant over the crown, the rot will rot. After planting, be sure to water the strawberries gently to minimize the shock from the transplant.
Thinking about your strawberries
Mulch around the bottom of the plant in early summer with high-quality fertilizers. Carefully pull out the weeds and clear your garden during the season. Water your plants three times a week for a total of 1 inch.
When the plant starts producing runners, more must be poured. So increase your hydration schedule when the first runners show up. Use general fertilizer in early summer to encourage growth and increase fruit.
In hot climates, your strawberries begin to produce berries 30 days after the flowers have been fertilized. During the first year, we recommend that you pick the flowers to prevent the plant from bearing fruit. The first season with your plant produces unripe berries that do not taste good. However, ripe and tasty berries are produced for seasons in a row.
Winter your strawberries
Strawberry plants are perennials, which means that they live in many seasons. Strawberry producers only do well during the colder months of the year. With the right preparation before the cold weather, you can successfully overheat your strawberries.
If you live in an area in the United States that has a mild winter, you do not have to worry about preparing for winter. The plants survive with minimal water until spring; But if you live in a climate where the temperature drops below 20 ° F.
Be sure to mulch the plant early in the winter. If you have snow, cover the plant with sackcloth. The compost helps to keep moisture out to stay in the soil over the winter without freezing the root system. You do not need to water the plant in winter. Remove burlap and mulch after the last frost has fallen on your area.
Common pests and diseases that affect strawberries
Strawberries are sweet and tasty and there are plenty of pests to pair them. Some of the most common pests that attack strawberry plants are Japanese beetles and spider mites as well as snails. If you notice signs of withered leaves on your plants, you can deal with one of these pests. Use organic pesticides to get the plants healthy.
The diseases that affect strawberry plants include gray mold and powdery mildew. Getting married to your beds and using granular mulch can scare away pests like snails. Pureed garlic mixed with neem oil is an excellent organic pesticide. When birds begin to eat your berries, cover them with a shaded cloth frame.
Tips for harvesting strawberries
Your strawberries are ready for harvest about 4 to 6 weeks later the flowering. Choose only ripe berries and choose your strawberry pants every third day during the fruit season. Be sure to cut the berry at the stem and pull out the berry as it may damage your plant. If you grow a variety that is grown in June, the harvest will be about three weeks long.
Tips for storing strawberries
After picking berries, leave them unwashed in the fridge for three to five days. If you have more berries than you can eat, store them in an airtight bag in the freezer for up to 3 months.