How to plant and grow Brussels sprouts: A complete guide

The spiers got their nickname from the city of origin Brussels in Belgium. These crispy green delicacies taste delicious, burnt or steamed and are full of vitamins, minerals and fiber.

“Brigitte F1” is the most popular variety of Brussels sprouts and inexperienced gardeners will achieve excellent results during the growing season by planting this variety. Bridgette does so well because the sprouts close longer than other species, allowing for multiple harvests at the end of the growing season.

Brussels sprouts are full of fiber and an excellent source of D, C and folic acid. Brussels sprouts are also abundant in polyphenolic plant compounds called “glucosinolate”. Nutritionists believe that these compounds may have a preventive effect on cancer.

Brussels will grow slowly during the period and mature around 26 to 31 weeks depending on growing conditions and climate. These plants are fond of cold conditions and it is one of the few vegetables that can be harvested from September to early February.

In this guide, we pack everything you need to know about growing Brussels sprouts this season.

Where do I plant my Brussels sprouts?

Choose an area in your garden that is exposed to direct sunlight for at least 6 to 8 hours a day. Planting in a shade house or greenhouse is also perfect as large plants will grow that will produce many Brussels sprouts.

Sprouts are hardy plants that prefer a colder climate. Some varieties do well in warmer areas, but this winter plant is best for the northern United States. You need to make sure you plant the plants in the fall so that no wind blows over the long stems.

Sprouts prefer solid, nutritious soil to produce tasty sprouts and it is best to let the soil sit for at least 4 to 6 months before planting.

Sprouts are robust plants and will grow in most places but must be planted in exposed areas in the fall to prevent turnover in strong winds.

Brussels sprouts from Amazon

When do I plant my Brussels sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are an excellent choice for transplanting so you get grain in the fall and winter.

Start growing the first crop in mid-March and then follow the harvest in early April and May. Set up your second planting at least four weeks apart.

How did I see Brussels sprouts?

Start your Brussels sprouts four weeks before planting in mid-March. Take a modular plant bowl and plant seeds in each unit.

Place the seeds just under an inch deep in the bowl and the seeds should germinate for 7 to 12 days. After germination, the plants can be planted in the garden 4 weeks later.

If you use a reproductive system or heating bowl to help with germination, make sure that the plants do not spin in the shape of a spider. Eventually, your plants will emerge, pull out the weaker plants and prepare the stronger plants for the garden.

Sprouts grow
Sprouts grow

How do I water Brussels sprouts?

Never let the plants dry before moving them to the garden. Use a spray bottle to ensure that the soil remains moist during germination and early in the beginning.

However, gardeners need to make sure the water is well balanced. Watering your plants can also cause mature growth and make the plants more likely to take root.

After planting your sprouts in the vegetable patch, water them deeply and let the soil dry for the next two to three days. If the soil dries a little between waterings, the roots grow when they clean the soil to water.

If you live in a warm climate, water the sprouts every other day. If your Brussels sprouts are grown in colder climates, watering twice a week is enough to ensure optimal growth.

Overwatering leads to water flow in the soil around the plant’s roots. Saturated soil will eventually lead to root rot and kill your Brussels sprouts.

How do I harden Brussels sprouts?

If you start in Brussels indoors, this must be adapted to external circumstances. Take a plastic tent or propagation and place it over the plant compartments to keep moisture in the air around the plant.

Do not leave the plant compartment in the sun. Store in a cool, shady place and take it indoors overnight. Repeat this shoulder treatment for 10 days.

Take the plastic tent out of the tray one hour before each day. Reduce the time under the plastic tent by an hour until you no longer need the coat or the small greenhouse.

Ready for harvest
Ready for harvest

How do I transplant Brussels sprouts?

Brussels sprouts are bigger than you think. They develop a powerful root system that spreads horizontally. Larger varieties of Brussels sprouts grow up to 30 inches between plants and 30 inches between rows. Smaller varieties of Brussels sprouts require a space of 25 inches between plants, a space of 25 inches between rows.

When planting your plants, dig a hole that is about 1 foot wide and work the soil. Add some perlite and compost to freshly used soil to get extra nutrients and help with drainage.

Place the plant in the center of the work area and gently push it into the ground to remove the air pockets. Water carefully so that the root ball of the plant can recover after transplantation.

How do I think about Brussels sprouts?

All Brassicas prefer to grow on moist, fertile soil. Brussels sprouts are rich in nutrients to produce large, tasty sprouts.

  • Organic fertilizers are a good idea to give your sprouts all the nutrients they need throughout the growing season. We recommend chicken manure and seaweed manure for many important N, P and K that Brussels needs to grow.
  • Feed your plants every four weeks throughout the growing season and cover the soil with weeds as soon as they appear. Weeds compete for the same resources as Brussels and you must not let them settle and spread in the garden.
  • Work a garden fork through the soil for a few weeks to aerate the roots. If you give the roots more air as they grow, your harvest time in Brussels will increase.
  • Be sure to prune your Brussels sprouts in the fall, as the plant’s highest nature can cause it to roll over in strong winds.
  • Lay down your plants by running a 2-foot wooden or plastic pole 2 inches from the bottom and then using garden teeth to loosen the plant stem loosely against the stem.

Do I have to turn my Brussels sprouts?

Sprouts are a good crop to plant in a row throughout the growing season. If you start planting in mid-March and add a new batch every four weeks, you can harvest in the fall and winter, one at a time.

Turn your plants in the growing area at any time of the year. Brussels absorbs a lot of nutrients from the soil so you need to make sure you turn your garden to get the best results. By changing plants annually, you can also ensure that bacteria do not cause winter in the soil and infect next year’s crops.

What are the diseases and pests that affect Brussels sprouts?

Sprouts are relatively hard but like all other plants in the garden they suffer from infections and pests. Some of the most common diseases and pests that need to be taken care of in broccoli are the following.

  • Predatory fly – You will notice that the carpenter withers and when you remove the plant from the Empty Ground, there are white larvae around the roots. These defects are a common problem with new implants.
  • Cabbage worm Butterflies lay eggs under the leaves. When they hatch, the larvae suck the juice from the leaves.
  • Worms and leather jackets – These pests live underground and appear at night to feed your plants.
  • Aphids Look for signs of aphids on the stems.
  • Club break disease – Damage to the root system, makes it thick and woody and kills the plant. Clubroot infects all nearby Brassicas and this bacterium can live in the soil for up to 9 years during the winter.

Control pests with organic pesticides such as neem oil. Spray it on the plants and complete the treatment at least two to three weeks before harvest.

The best – harvest your harvest!

How do I harvest and store Brussels? Sprouts?

  • Your sprouts begin to mature at the base of the trunk.
  • Start with the crop at the bottom and work up the tail as you go. You can gradually collect your Brussels sprouts in a few days to ensure that all the sprouts are ripe when you pick them.
  • Remove yellow leaves at harvest to prevent the disease from infecting the plant.
  • Do not rinse the sprouts after harvest. Pack them in Ziploc bags and store them in the refrigerator’s sharper drawer.
  • You can blanch Brussels and then freeze for long-term storage for up to 6 months.
  • After harvesting, you dig the root and either burn it or take it to the landfill. Do not add them to compost.