Beans are one of the most popular summer vegetables. They are easy to grow from seeds and some plants produce plenty of beans for the family.
How to grow beans: month after month
Best varieties of beans
How we try rye beans
We started our seeds in a greenhouse in units with one Early May. They were ready for planting in early June after all the danger of frost had passed. We bred each species with its own six-stack wigwam and planted two plants per stem. As the summer was dry at our Cotswolds test site, we watered regularly. We controlled the weeds by chopping them by hand. Our experts assessed the formation of the cuttings, the viability of the plants and the characteristics of each species such as height and shrub, flower color and length, color and shape of the pods. The pods were picked weekly from early August to early October. During this period, we assess the skin quality and fiber of typical pods three times. There was little to choose between flavors of different varieties, although the cross between the beans and the bean was usually softer, sweeter and less of a bean flavor.
When to sow
Avoid excess beans
Beans produce plenty of grains. In order not to get overwhelmed, the trick is to grow the right number of plants for your needs. By doing In the experiment, most varieties produced at least 0.5 kg per plant and our Best Buy wild beans produced up to 1 kg per plant in one season. One wigwam of dozens of plants would be enough for a small home.
For the first harvest, sow the beans in the second week of May in the South of the UK and the third week of May in the north. Early sowing is often difficult as late frosts can kill the plants if planted outdoors. Sow the seeds in individual small pots or pots with a Plants are ready to be planted outdoors when they are about two weeks old – do not plant them out if frost is forecast.
You can sow wild beans in the soil in which you want them to grow. Depending on how cold you live, the first time to sow outside is in late May. Do not be too quick because you can start sowing outdoors as early as July.
Take care of your plants
Runner beans produce better plants in soil that retains moisture. There is no need to dig an old-fashioned bean cut, as only digging or smashing with organic matter such as compost in the garden or soil nutrition helps.
Use bamboo poles that are at least six feet high and firmly pressed into the ground. You see all sorts of imaginative structure in the allocations, but when what? While working in the garden, we tried bean supports and found that the three best methods were: wigwam, X-frame and A-frame.
A wigwam is quick and easy to set up. It also has a neat, tight shape that takes up little space.
The X-frame is made of two bamboo poles glued at a 45 degree angle to the floor, crossed in the middle and tied in the middle. This is reinforced with a horizontal bar located where the bar intersects. The beans are easy to pick as they hang from the outer edge of the carrier.
A-frame is very strong, easy to assemble and disassemble and is good in the fight against weeds.
Space plants are at least 6 inches apart, in single rows, double rows at 2 foot intervals or around wigwams. Runner beans are damaged by frost. Then cover them with chips if frost is expected.
Once beans have been formed, they need little attention except regular watering in dry summers. Soak well every day in warm weather or twice a week under normal dry conditions. If the plants become too dry, the beans will not bloom or plant properly.
How and when to harvest
Harvest in: July to October
Her main job is to keep up with the beans. They need to be picked every two to three days in warm conditions. You want to pick them before they get seeds and are difficult to eat. Everyone who has done their best should be picked and composted to encourage the plant to continue producing fresh pods.
Common growth problems
Planting too early at low temperatures causes the bean plants to turn yellow and not thrive. The best advice is to look back at the right time and start over.
Do not make beans
Sometimes plants bloom but do not produce beans. There are several possible causes, including dry roots and cold or hot nights. Usually the yield increases as conditions improve. Runner bean species over with green beans are less susceptible to this problem, such as: B. ‘Moonlight’.
Blackfly is the most common pest and it damages plants by sucking up their juice. Crush these insects or spray them with organic insecticide.